Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie des Nano-objets

Institut National des Sciences Appliquées
135 avenue de Rangueil, 31077 TOULOUSE CEDEX 4 - FRANCE
Tél : 00 33 05 61 55 96 45 | Fax : (+33) (0)5 61 55 96 97

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Home page > LPCNO > Directory > Bruno

Bruno Chaudret

05-61-55-96-55

Équipe 7. Nanostructures et Chimie Organométallique , Directeur de recherche CNRS

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Membre de l’Académie des Sciences
Date of birth: 25/12/1953

  • EDUCATION

    1979 Doctorat d’Etat, Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse, France, Supervisor Pr René POILBLANC
    1977 Ph.D., Department of Chemistry, Imperial College, London, UK, Supervisor Sir Geoffrey WILKINSON (Nobel Laureate 1973)
    1975 Ingénieur, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Paris, France

  • CURRENT POSITION

    2011 – 2015 Research Director CNRS, Director of the « Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie des Nano-Objets (LPCNO UMR INSA-CNRS- UPS 5215) », Institut National des Sciences Appliquées (INSA) Toulouse

  • PREVIOUS POSITIONS

    2007 – 2011 Research Director CNRS, Director of the « Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination CNRS », Toulouse
    1989 – 2007 Research Director CNRS, Head of the « Nanostructures and Organometallic Chemistry » research group inside the « Laboratoire de Chimie de Coordination CNRS », Toulouse

  • AWARDS

    1982 Coordination Chemistry Award, French Chemical Society
    1997 Silver medal CNRS
    1998 1st Price, Regional Competition for Innovation Midi-Pyrénées
    1999 Miguel Catalan Award, RSEQ, Spanish Chemical Society
    2002 Seaborg Lecture, University of California Berkeley, USA
    2005 Elected at the French Academy of Sciences
    2006 Gay-Lussac-Humboldt Award, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany
    2006 EastChem Visiting Professor (Saint-Andrews, Edinburgh), UK
    2008 Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson Prize & Lectureship, Royal Society of Chemistry, UK
    2010 « Grand Prix Pierre Süe » Award, Société Chimique de France, French Chemical Society
    2012 Elected at the Academia Europae
    2013 Paolo Chini Lecture, Italian Chemical Society
    2013 Chevalier dans l’ordre de la Légion d’Honneur
    2015 Wittig-Grignard Award, DGCH, German Chemical Society

  • SUPERVISION OF GRADUATE STUDENTS AND POSTDOCTORAL FELLOWS

    1985 – 2015 Supervision or co-supervision of 38 PhD students (all Université de Toulouse)
    Supervision of 8 PhD students in an international co-tutelle
    Supervision of 30 Post-docs

  • INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES (recent)

    2010 - President of the Scientific Council of CNRS
    2007 – 2011 President of the Scientific Council of IFPEN (Institut Français du Pétrole)
    2006 - Member of the Scientific Council of IFPEN
    2007 - 2012 Member of the Administration Council of “Université de Toulouse”
    2012 – 2014 Member of the Administration Council of “INSA de Toulouse”
    2010 - Member of the Scientific Council of “Ile de France (Paris region)”
    2001 – 2005 / 2009 - 2012 Member of the Scientific Council (CCRRDT) of “Midi-Pyrénées” (board member)

  • PUBLICATIONS

    420 papers in refereed journals
    20 patents – 1 industrial development and production of gas sensors (MiCS) h-index 66 (Chaudret B + Chaudret BN)

  • Editorial Activity

    Editor Catalysis Letters ; Editorial Board member (past + present) of : New Journal of Chemistry ; Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions; Organometallics; VCH-Small, Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, Journal of Material Chemistry, Oil & Gas Science and Technology, Catalysis Science & Technology,

    RESEARCH CARRIER – SHORT BIOGRAPHY

    Bruno Chaudret is a specialist of organometallic and “nano” chemistry. After a PhD with Sir G Wilkinson (Imperial College, London), he developed in the early 80s the synthesis of hydride and dihydrogen complexes and investigated by NMR their exchange processes which follow classical or quantum-mechanical pathways. These studies have been extended to the coordination of other simple groups such as C-H and Si-H, and led to a creative chemistry as well as to new catalytic processes. In the early 90s, Bruno Chaudret developed an organometallic method for the synthesis of metal or metal oxide nanoparticles. The mild conditions used allowed the control of the particle size and size distribution together with that of the surface species present on the nanoparticles (hydrides, organic or inorganic molecules). The presence, dynamics and reactivity of surface species has been monitored by various NMR techniques. Due to their clean surfaces, the particles exhibit physical (e.g. magnetic) properties similar to those found in high-vacuum. According to the reaction conditions, the synthesis allows the formation of precise shapes (spheres, cubes, rods, wires, urchins, fractal structures) which may assemble into two- or three-dimensional super-crystals for particles diameters between 1 and 15 nm. These new nano-objects display interesting properties in various domains such as catalysis, magnetism, optics, micro- and nanoelectronics and have led to several applications in micro-electronics including the industrial production of gas sensors. The present research topics concern :

    - Organometallic nanoparticles; control of ligands, chemical order, surface chemistry and reactivity; C-H activation using Ru nanoparticles

    - Magnetic nanoparticles: physical properties, electronic transport, nano-actuators, coupling physical and chemical properties for catalysis

    - Applications of nanoparticles in micro-electronics : connectics and magnetic shielding